In recent years, there has been a lot of interest in the impact of nutrition on both physical and mental health. New research is uncovering stronger links between nutrition, intestinal health, and the microbiome, as well as numerous diseases (both physical and mental). The study of nutritional biochemistry, which explores the mechanisms that underpin these relationships between diet and disease, is involved in some of the research into these linkages. The biochemistry of nutrition brings together researchers from a variety of fields, including biology, chemistry, and physics, to gain a better understanding of topics like cell function and metabolism, clinical nutrition, macronutrients and energy, nutritional genomics, and other factors that influence the diet-disease relationship. The fundamental purpose of nutritional biochemistry research is to determine the ideal dietary and nutritional requirements of both healthy people and people who are sick. The discipline is also working on ways to lessen the negative effects of pharmacological medications.